Physical Characterization of Near-Earth Asteroid (52768) 1998 OR2: Evidence of Shock Darkening/Impact Melt

Adam Battle, Vishnu Reddy, Juan A. Sanchez, Benjamin Sharkey, Neil Pearson, Bryn Bowen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We conducted photometric and spectroscopic characterization of near-Earth asteroid (52768) 1998 OR2 during a close approach to Earth in 2020 April. Our photometric measurements confirm the rotation period of the asteroid to be 4.126 ± 0.179 hr, consistent with the previously published value of 4.112 ± 0.001 hr. By combining our visible spectroscopic measurements (0.45–0.93 μm) with archival MITHNEOS near-infrared spectra (0.78–2.49 μm), we classify the asteroid as an Xn-type in the Bus–DeMeo taxonomy. The combined spectrum shows two weak absorption bands: Band I at 0.926 ± 0.003 μm and Band II at 2.07 ± 0.02 μm, with band depths of 4.5% ± 0.15% and 4.0% ± 0.21%, respectively. The band area ratio is 1.13 ± 0.05. These spectral band parameters plot at the tip of the S(IV) region of the Gaffey S-asteroid subtypes plot, suggesting an affinity to ordinary chondrite meteorites. We calculated the chemistry of olivine and pyroxene using the Band I center to be 20.1 ± 2.3 mol% fayalite and 18.2 ± 1.5 mol% ferrosilite, consistent with H-chondrites. Principal component analysis of 1998 OR2’s combined visible–near-IR spectrum falls on the C/X-complex side of the α-line, near the end of the shock-darkening trend, consistent with its weak absorption bands (band depth <5%). We use an areal mixing model with lab measurements of the shock-darkened H5 chondrite, Chergach, to constrain the amount of shock-darkened material on the asteroid’s surface at ∼63% dark lithology and ∼37% light lithology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number226
JournalPlanetary Science Journal
Volume3
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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