Phylogenetic analysis of the pathogenic bacteria Spiroplasma penaei based on multilocus sequence analysis

Allan Heres, Donald V. Lightner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Scopus citations


    A pathogenic Spiroplasma penaei strain was isolated from the hemolymph of moribund Pacific white shrimp, Penaeus vannamei. The shrimp sample originated from a shrimp farm near Cartagena, Colombia, that was suffering from high mortalities in ponds with very low salinity and high temperatures. This new emerging disease in a marine crustacean in the Americas is described as a systemic infection. The multilocus phylogenetic analysis suggests that S. penaei strain has a terrestrial origin. Evolutionary relationship trees, based on five partial DNA sequences of 16S rDNA, 23S rDNA, 5S rDNA, gyrB, rpoB genes and two complete DNA sequences of 16S-23S rDNA and 23S-5S rDNA intergenic spacer region, were reconstructed using the distance-based Neighboring-Joining (NJ) method with Kimura-2-parameter substitution model. The NJ trees based on all DNA sequences investigated in this study positioned S. penaei in the Citri-Poulsonii clade and corroborate the observations by other investigators using the 16S rDNA gene. Pairwise genetic distance calculation between sequences of spiroplasmas showed S. penaei to be closely related to Spiroplasma insolitum and distantly related to Spiroplasma sp. SHRIMP from China.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)30-35
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jan 2010


    • Multilocus
    • Penaeus vannamei
    • Phylogenetic analysis
    • Spiroplasma penaei

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics


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