The metallization of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) by copper has been studied by photoelectron spectroscopy (x-ray and vacuum ultraviolet). The results are interpreted in the light of a valence-effective-Hamiltonian band-structure calculation on the PET polymeric chain and by comparison with earlier work on copper oxides. The theoretical valence-band density of states is in very good agreement with the photoelectron spectra of PET and allows us to present a detailed interpretation of the valence electronic structure of PET. Upon metallization, we find that, for low coverages (<5×1014 Cu atoms/cm2) copper binds preferentially to the oxygen from the carbonyl (CO) and the ether (CO) groups of the PET. At coverages near 7.5×1014 Cu atoms/cm2, the additional copper remains metallic and gives rise to a three-dimensional islandlike growth mode. The low reactivity towards PET stands in sharp contrast to the case of other transition metals, like Ti and Cr.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics