Phosphorylation of human vitamin D receptor serine-182 by PKA suppresses 1,25(OH)2D3-dependent transactivation

Jui Cheng Hsieh, Hope T.L. Dang, Michael A. Galligan, G. Kerr Whitfield, Carol A. Haussler, Peter W. Jurutka, Mark R. Haussler

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23 Scopus citations


The human vitamin D receptor (hVDR), which is a substrate for several protein kinases, mediates the actions of its 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) ligand to regulate gene expression. To determine the site, and functional impact, of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA)-catalyzed phosphorylation of hVDR, we generated a series of C-terminally truncated and point mutant receptors. Incubation of mutant hVDRs with PKA and [gamma;-32P]ATP, in vitro, or overexpressing them in COS-7 kidney cells labeled with [32P]orthophosphate, revealed that serine-182 is the predominant residue in hVDR phosphorylated by PKA. An aspartate substituted mutant (S182D), incorporating a negative charge to mimic phosphorylation, displayed only 50% of the transactivation capacity in response to 1,25(OH) 2D3 of either wild-type or an S182A-altered hVDR. When the catalytic subunit of PKA was overexpressed, a similar reduction in wild-type but not S182D hVDR transactivity was observed. In a mammalian two-hybrid system, S182D bound less avidly than wild-type or S182A hVDR to the retinoid X receptor (RXR) heterodimeric partner that co-mediates vitamin D responsive element recognition and transactivation. These data suggest that hVDR serine-182 is a primary site for PKA phosphorylation, an event that leads to an attenuation of both RXR heterodimerization and resultant transactivation of 1,25(OH) 2D3 target genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-809
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 12 2004


  • Calcium homeostasis
  • Nonconsensus site
  • Protein kinase A
  • Retinoid X receptor
  • Transcriptional activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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