Phorbol ester-induced priming of superoxide generation by phosphatidic acid-stimulated neutrophils and granule-free neutrophil cytoplasts

R. A. Siddiqui, D. English, K. Harvey, Y. Cui, M. I. Martin, J. Wentland, L. Akard, J. Jansen, J. Thompson, J. G.N. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


This study was undertaken to examine the mechanisms involved in polymorphonuclear leukocyte superoxide release stimulated by exogenous phosphatidic acid (PA). Unlike the immediate burst of superoxide release affected by membrane permeable dioctanoylglycerol (DiC8 DAG), dioctanoyl phosphatidic acid (DiC8-PA) induced superoxide release after a lag period of 5-20 min. This period was considerably reduced or eliminated when cells were primed by substimulatory levels of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Granule-depleted neutrophil cytoplasts also responded to DiC8-PA with a burst of superoxide generation. Activation of the cytoplast superoxide generating system in response to DiC8-PA was also significantly faster after cells had been preexposed to substimulatory levels of PMA, indicating that at least a portion of the priming mechanism was independent of PMA-induced degranulation. To further examine the potential mechanism of PMA priming of responses to PA, we evaluated the activity of neutrophil ecto-phosphatidic acid phosphohydrolase (ecto-PA phosphohydrolase), which generates diacylglycerol from exogenous PA. PMA priming had no discernable effect on the activity of this enzyme. In addition, propranolol, an inhibitor of PA phosphohydrolase, did not selectively inhibit PMA priming of neutrophil responses to DiC8-PA, indicating that priming did not result from acceleration of DiC8 PA hydrolysis. We therefore investigated the possibility that activation of protein kinase C was the basis of the primed response. Several semiselective protein kinase C inhibitors (calphostin C, H-7, and acylmethylglycerol) inhibited DiC8-DAG and DiC8-PA-induced superoxide release as well as PMA-primed responses to approximately the same extent. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that neutrophil responses to phosphatidate are mediated by diglyceride generated by the action of ecto-PA phosphohydrolase. PMA priming does not result from increased catalytic activity of ecto-PA phosphohydrolase but rather seems to result from potentiation of an intermediate involved in the cells' response to multiple stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-195
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995


  • PMA priming
  • Phospholipid
  • Protein kinase C
  • Second messenger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology


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