Phonological and phonetic properties of nasal substitution in Sasak and Javanese

Diana Archangeli, Jonathan Yip, Lang Qin, Albert Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Austronesian languages such as Sasak and Javanese have a pattern of morphological nasal substitution, where nasals alternate with homorganic oral obstruents—except that [s] is described as alternating with [], not with [n]. This appears to be an abstract morphophonological relation between [s] and [] where other parts of the paradigm have a concrete homorganic relation. Articulatory ultrasound data were collected of productions of [t, n, , ], along with [s] and its nasal counterpart from two languages, from 10 Sasak and 8 Javanese speakers. Comparisons of lingual contours using a root mean square analysis were evaluated with linear mixed-effects regression models, a method that proves reliable for testing questions of phonological neutralization. In both languages, [t, n, s] exhibit a high degree of articulatory similarity, whereas postalveolar [] and its nasal counterpart [] exhibited less similarity. The nasal counterpart of [s] was identical in articulation to []. This indicates an abstract, rather than concrete, relationship between [s] and its morphophonological nasal counterpart, with the two sounds not sharing articulatory place in either Sasak or Javanese.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalLaboratory Phonology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 4 2017


  • Abstract phonological relations
  • Javanese
  • Nasal substitution
  • Place of articulation
  • Sasak
  • Ultrasound language research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Podiatry
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Computer Science Applications


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