Phenology of tropical understory trees: Patterns and correlates

W. Alice Boyle, Judith L. Bronstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Reproductive phenologies of plants are constrained by climate in highly seasonal regions. In contrast, plants growing in wet tropical forests are freed from many abiotic constraints, which in canopy tree communities lead to a rich diversity of phenological patterns within and among individuals, species and communities. However, basic descriptions of tropical phenological patterns and the processes that shape them are rare. Here, we document the individual-, population-, and landscape-level phenological patterns of two dominant families of understory woody plants important to avian frugivores, the Melastomataceae and Rubiaceae, along an elevational transect in Costa Rica. The 226 individual plants belonging to 35 species in this study, varied in the number of reproductive bouts/year, and the timing, duration, and synchrony of reproductive stages. This variation was not related to factors related to their interactions with mutualists and antagonists, nor did it appear to be constrained by phylogeny. Diverse phenological patterns among species led to relatively aseasonal patterns at the community and landscape level. Overall, evidence for biotic processes shaping temporal patterns of fruiting phenology was weak or absent. These findings reveal a number of unexplained patterns, and suggest that factors shaping phenology in relatively aseasonal forests operate in idiosyncratic ways at the species level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1415-1429
Number of pages15
JournalRevista de Biologia Tropical
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2012


  • Climate
  • Costa rica
  • Frugivory
  • Fruit pathogens
  • Phenological patterns
  • Seed dispersal mutualisms
  • Tropical wet forest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Phenology of tropical understory trees: Patterns and correlates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this