Phencyclidine blood protein binding: Influence of protein, pH and species

S. M. Owens, M. Mayersohn, J. R. Woodworth

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20 Scopus citations


We studied the influence of protein, pH and species on phencyclidine (PCP) protein binding. PCP binding to dog serum was unaffected by high concentrations of PCP and metabolites. The percentage of unbound PCP in pooled human serum and plasma specimens and pooled dog serum specimens was (mean ± SD); 48.3 ± 2.5; 42.5 ± 1.8; and 43.3 ± 1.9%, respectively. The percentage of unbound PCP in human serum albumin (HSA), 81.2 ± 2.0%, was constant over the physiological HSA concentration range (3.5-5.5 g/dl). The binding of PCP to α1-acid glycoprotein (α1-AGP) increased with increasing α1-AGP concentration (50-200 mg/dl). The binding to HSA or α1-AGP separately did not account for the binding found in whole serum or plasma specimens. However, when a constant concentration of HSA (4.5 g/dl) was added to varying concentrations of α1-AGP, the PCP binding increased dramatically and was similar to the binding found in human serum specimens. The association constant in the presence of both proteins (7.72 x 104 M-1) was 4.4 times greater than the association constant for α1-AGP alone (1.74 x 104 M-1). This suggested an interaction between the proteins which resulted in enhanced PCP binding. The percentage of unbound PCP increased with decreasing pH in both dog serum and human serum specimens. This change could have possible effects on PCP distribution and elimination. The PCP blood to plasma ratio was 0.94 in pooled human heparinized blood and 1.25 in pooled dog heparinized blood. Neither species showed PCP concentration-dependent partitioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)656-660
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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