Phases of five-dimensional theories, monopole walls, and melting crystals

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Moduli spaces of doubly periodic monopoles, also called monopole walls or monowalls, are hyperkähler; thus, when four-dimensional, they are self-dual gravitational instantons. We find all monowalls with lowest number of moduli. Their moduli spaces can be identified, on the one hand, with Coulomb branches of five-dimensional supersymmetric quantum field theories on ℝ 3 × T 2 and, on the other hand, with moduli spaces of local Calabi-Yau metrics on the canonical bundle of a del Pezzo surface. We explore the asymptotic metric of these moduli spaces and compare our results with Seiberg's low energy description of the five-dimensional quantum theories. We also give a natural description of the phase structure of general monowall moduli spaces in terms of triangulations of Newton polygons, secondary polyhedra, and associahedral projections of secondary fans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number27
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2014


  • Duality in Gauge Field Theories
  • Solitons Monopoles and Instantons
  • String Duality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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