Phase-Induced Amplitude Apodization (PIAA) coronagraphy: Recent results and future prospects

Olivier Guyon, Brian Kern, Ruslan Belikov, Stuart Shaklan, Andreas Kuhnert, Amir Give'on

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations


The Phase Induced Amplitude Apodization (PIAA) concept uses aspheric optics to apodize a telescope beam for high contrast imaging. The lossless apodization, achieved through geometrical redistribution of the light (beam shaping) allows designs of high performance coronagraphs, ideally suited for direct imaging of exoplanets similar to Earth around nearby stars. The PIAA coronagraph concept has evolved since its original formulation to mitigate manufacturing challenges and improve performance. Our group is currently aiming at demonstrating PIAA coronagraphy in the laboratory to 1e-9 raw contrast at 2 λ/D separation. Recent results from the High Contrast Imaging Testbed (HCIT) at NASA JPL and the PIAA testbed at NASA Ames demonstrate contrasts about one order of magnitude from this goal at 2 λ/D. In parallel with our high contrast demonstration at 2λ/D, we are developing and testing new designs at a complementary testbed at NASA Ames, and solving associated technical challenges. Some of these new PIAA designs have been tested that can further mitigate PIAA manufacturing challenges while providing theoretically total starlight extinction and offering 50% throughput at less than 1 λ/D. Recent tests demonstrated on the order of 1e-6 contrast close to 1 λ/D (while maintaining 5e-8 contrast at 2 λ/D).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets V
StatePublished - 2011
EventTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets V - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 23 2011Aug 24 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets V
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Coronagraphy
  • Exoplanets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Phase-Induced Amplitude Apodization (PIAA) coronagraphy: Recent results and future prospects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this