Pharmacy on the front lines: A century of pandemic response in America

Jennifer M. Bingham, John D. Grabenstein, Sandra Leal, David R. Axon

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

Abstract

The history of American pharmacy contributions to pandemic responses can be described for five pandemics: 1918 (influenza A/H1N1 virus), 1957–1958 (H2N2 virus), 1968 (H3N2 virus), 2009 (H1N1pdm09 virus), and 2019–2023 (syndrome coronavirus-2 virus). Using historical surveillance data and published literature, this article provides opportunities to reflect on how the pharmacy profession played a role in preparedness and response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1689-1693
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Pharmacists Association
Volume63
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (nursing)
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology

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