Pharmacokinetics of pyrazinamide under fasting conditions, with food, and with antacids

Charles A. Peloquin, Amy E. Bulpitt, George S. Jaresko, Roger W. Jelliffe, Gordon T. James, David E. Nix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Study Objectives. To determine intrasubject and intersubject variability in, and the effects of food and antacids on, the pharmacokinetics of pyrazinamide (PZA). Design. Randomized, four-period, crossover phase I study. Subjects. Fourteen healthy men and women volunteers. Interventions. Subjects ingested single doses of PZA 30 mg/kg under fasting conditions twice, without a high-fat meal and with an aluminum-magnesium antacid. They also received standard dosages of isoniazid, rifampin, and ethambutol. Measurements and Main Results. Serum was collected for 48 hours and assayed by gas chromatography with mass selective detector. Data were analyzed by noncompartmental methods and a compartmental analysis using nonparametric expectation maximization. Both fasting conditions produced similar results: mean PZA C(max) 53.4 ± 10.4 μg/ml, T(max) 1.43 ± 1.06 hours, and AUC(0- ∞) 673 ± 79.7 μg·hr/ml. Fasting results are similar to those in previous reports. In the presence of antacids, subjects had a mean C(max) of 55.6 ± 9.0 μg/ml, T(max) of 1.43 ± 1.23 hours, and AUC(0-∞) of 628 ± 88.4 μg·hr/ml. In the presence of the high-fat meal, mean C(max) was 45.6 ± 9.44 μg/ml, T(max) 3.09 ± 1.74 hours, and AUC(0-∞) 687 ±116 μg·hr/ml. Conclusions. These small changes in C(max), T(max), and AUC(0-∞) can be avoided by giving PZA on an empty stomach whenever possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1205-1211
Number of pages7
Issue number6 I
StatePublished - Nov 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)


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