Pharmacokinetics of a single dose of Aficamten (CK-274) on cardiac contractility in a A31P MYBPC3 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy cat model

Ashley N. Sharpe, Maureen S. Oldach, Joanna L. Kaplan, Victor Rivas, Samantha L. Kovacs, Darren T. Hwee, Bradley P. Morgan, Fady I. Malik, Samantha P. Harris, Joshua A. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most prevalent cardiac disease in cats and lacks efficacious preclinical pharmacologic intervention, prompting investigation of novel therapies. Genetic mutations encoding sarcomeric proteins are implicated in the development of HCM and small molecule myosin inhibitors are an emerging class of therapeutics designed to target the interaction of actin and myosin to alleviate the detrimental effects of inappropriate contractile protein interactions. The purpose of this study was to characterize the pharmacodynamic effects of a single oral dose of the novel cardiac myosin inhibitor aficamten (CK-274) on cardiac function in purpose bred cats with naturally occurring A31P MYBPC3 mutation and a clinical diagnosis of HCM with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO). Five purpose bred cats were treated with aficamten (2 mg/kg) or vehicle and echocardiographic evaluations were performed at 0, 6, 24, and 48 h post-dosing. High dose aficamten (2 mg/kg) reduced left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS%) by increasing the LV systolic internal dimension (LVIDs) and reduced isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) compared with baseline without significant adverse effects. The marked reduction in systolic function and reduced IVRT coupled with an increased heart rate in treated cats, suggest a lower dose may be optimal. Further studies to determine optimal dosing of aficamten are indicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-61
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • feline
  • left ventricle
  • myosin binding protein C
  • pharmacodynamic
  • sarcomere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • General Veterinary

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