Persistent myocardial ischemia increases GLUT1 glucose transporter expression in both ischemic and non-ischemic heart regions

Frank C. Brosius, Yannan Liu, Ngoc Nguyen, Da Qing Sun, John Bartlett, Markus Schwaiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Persistently ischemic myocardium exhibits increased glucose uptake which may contribute to the preservation of myocardial function and viability. Little is known about the specific molecular events which are responsible for this increase in uptake. Therefore, we investigated whether myocardial ischemia induces the gene expression of the major cardiac facilitative glucose transporters, GLUT4 and GLUT1. We determined the expression of myocardial glucose transporter mRNAs and polypeptides after 6 h of regional ischemia in a dog model by semi-quantitative Northern blotting and immunoblotting. GLUT1 but not GLUT4 expression was significantly increased in both ischemic and non-ischemic regions from the experimental hearts when compared to surgical control and normal hearts. GLUT1 mRNA expression was increased 3.4-fold and GLUT1 polypeptide expression was increased 1.7-fold in ischemic hearts when compared to normal or surgical-control hearts. There were no significant regional differences in GLUT1 expression in either normal or ischemic hearts. However, there was a tendency for GLUT1 mRNA expression to be highest in the non-ischemic regions from the 6-h ischemia hearts. These findings suggest that myocardial ischemia induces a factor or factors which stimulate GLUT1 expression in non-ischemic as well as ischemic myocardial regions. Increased GLUT1 expression may play a role in augmenting glucose uptake during ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1675-1685
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dog
  • Gene expression
  • Glucose transporter
  • Myocardial ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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