Perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions with multi-interface free layer

Pravin Khanal, Bowei Zhou, Magda Andrade, Yanliu Dang, Albert Davydov, Ali Habiboglu, Jonah Saidian, Adam Laurie, Jian Ping Wang, Daniel B. Gopman, Weigang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Future generations of magnetic random access memory demand magnetic tunnel junctions that can provide simultaneously high magnetoresistance, strong retention, low switching energy, and small cell size below 10 nm. Here, we study perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions with composite free layers, where multiple ferromagnet/nonmagnet interfaces can contribute to the thermal stability. Different nonmagnetic materials (MgO, Ta, and Mo) have been employed as the coupling layers in these multi-interface free layers. The evolution of junction properties under different annealing conditions is investigated. A strong dependence of the tunneling magnetoresistance on the thickness of the first CoFeB layer has been observed. In junctions where Mo and MgO are used as coupling layers, a large tunneling magnetoresistance above 200% has been achieved after 400 °C annealing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number242404
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 13 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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