Peroxynitrite Decreases Rabbit Tissue Factor Activity In Vitro

Vance G. Nielsen, John P. Crow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Tissue factor (TF) is a primary initiator of physiological coagulation in vivo. Peroxynitrite (OONO-), a molecule formed from nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (O2 · -), decreases human TF activity in vitro. Coagulopathy has been associated with hepatoenteric ischemia-reperfusion known to involve formation of OONO-. Further, circulating TF activity decreases in rabbits after hepatoenteric ischemia-reperfusion. We hypothesized that exposure of rabbit TF to OONO - would result in a decrease in activity. OONO- generation was performed with 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1), a molecule that produces both nitric oxide and superoxide. Rabbit brain TF was incubated at 37°C for 90 min with 1) 0 mM SIN-1, 2) 5 mM SIN-1, 3) 5 mM SIN-1 and 2000 U/mL recombinant human superoxide dismutase (hSOD1), or 4) 2000 U/mL hSOD1 (n = 8 per condition). TF activity was assessed by addition of TF samples to human plasma and measuring clot formation kinetics with a thrombelastograph®. TF exposure to SIN-1 resulted in a 48% decrease in activity that was significantly different from the other three conditions (P < 0.001). There were no significant differences between the other conditions. We conclude that rabbit TF is inhibited by OONO-, and further investigation to determine the role of OONO- in coagulopathies associated with hepatoenteric ischemia-reperfusion is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)668-671
Number of pages4
JournalAnesthesia and analgesia
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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