One unmet challenge in lung cancer diagnosis is to accurately differentiate lung cancer from other lung diseases with similar clinical symptoms and radiological features, such as pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). To identify reliable biomarkers for lung cancer screening, we leverage the recently discovered non-canonical small non-coding RNAs (i.e., tRNA-derived small RNAs [tsRNAs], rRNA-derived small RNAs [rsRNAs], and YRNA-derived small RNAs [ysRNAs]) in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and develop a molecular signature composed of distinct ts/rs/ysRNAs (TRY-RNA). Our TRY-RNA signature precisely discriminates between control, lung cancer, and pulmonary TB subjects in both the discovery and validation cohorts and outperforms microRNA-based biomarkers, which bears the diagnostic potential for lung cancer screening.
- Lung cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Cancer Research
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Gu, W. (Contributor), Shi, J. (Contributor), Liu, H. (Creator), Zhang, X. (Contributor), Zhou, J. J. (Creator), Li, M. (Creator), Zhou, D. (Creator), Li, R. (Creator), Lv, J. (Contributor), Wen, G. (Contributor), Zhu, S. (Creator), Qi, T. (Creator), Li, W. (Creator), Wang, X. (Creator), Wang, Z. (Creator), Zhu, H. (Creator), Zhou, C. (Creator), Knox, K. S. (Creator), Wang, T. (Creator), Chen, Q. (Creator), Qian, Z. (Contributor) & Zhou, T. (Creator), figshare, 2020