Perceptual consequences of changes in epilaryngeal area and shape

Robin A. Samlan, Jody Kreiman

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Decreasing epilaryngeal area has been shown to increase glottal flow pulse skewing and harmonic amplitudes [Titze, JASA, 123:2733, 2008]. It is not known, however, whether listeners perceive voice quality changes when epilaryngeal area is altered, or if perceived quality is different if the area change occurs at the ventricular folds or aryepiglottic (AE) folds. In this study, a kinematic vocal tract model was used to create five epilaryngeal cavity shapes resulting from constriction and retraction of the ventricular and AE folds. Four voice sources simulating varying degrees of vocal deviation were filtered through the five shapes for a total of 20 stimuli. Fourteen listeners completed a sort and rate task. Results were analyzed using multidimensional scaling (MDS). Altering the epilaryngeal cavity shape resulted in voice quality differences, and perceptual distances differed by voice source. AE fold constriction was perceived most differently from other shapes for all talkers. Ventricular fold constriction was perceived most similar to AE constriction for 3 of the 4 voice sources. Glottal flow and acoustic differences for each epilaryngeal shape will be described and related to the perceived differences in voice quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number060159
JournalProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
StatePublished - 2013
Event21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Jun 2 2013Jun 7 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


Dive into the research topics of 'Perceptual consequences of changes in epilaryngeal area and shape'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this