Objective: Care coordination reflects deliberate efforts to harmonize patient care. This study examined variables associated with patient-reported care coordination scores among Medicare beneficiaries with a history of cancer. Methods: We utilized Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (SEER-CAHPS) linked data, which includes cancer registry data, patient experience surveys, and Medicare claims. We identified Medicare beneficiaries with a CAHPS survey ≤10 years after cancer diagnosis who reported seeing a personal doctor within six months. Multivariable regression models examined associations between cancer survivor characteristics and patient-reported care coordination, with higher scores indicating better coordination. Results: Cancer site distribution of the 14,646 survey respondents was 33.7% prostate, 22.1% breast, 11.1% colorectal, 7.2% lung, and 25.9% other. Rural residence at diagnosis (versus urban, 1.1-point difference; p = 0.04) and reporting >4 visits with a personal doctor (versus 1–2 visits, 3.0-point difference; p < 0.001) were significantly associated with higher care coordination. Older age (p < 0.001) and seeing more specialists (p = 0.006) were associated with significantly lower care coordination. Patients with melanoma (women: 5.2-point difference, p < 0.001; men: 2.7 points, p = 0.01) or breast cancer (women: 2.4 points; p < 0.001) reported significantly lower care coordination scores than did men with prostate cancer (reference group). Time from diagnosis to survey, cancer stage, number of cancers, and comorbidities were not significantly associated with care coordination scores. Discussion: Cancer site, rural residence, and number of physician interactions are associated with patient-reported care coordination scores. Future research should address multilevel influences that lead to worse care coordination for older adult cancer survivors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology