Perception of mammographic images

Elizabeth Krupinski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Breast imaging technology is actually not as old as many people think, having been available for just over 50 years. The first practical technology dedicated to breast imaging was developed in 1960 (Egan 1960), and the first commercial x-ray units dedicated to breast imaging only became available in the late 1960s (Gold 1990). One of the first mammography studies (Strax et al. 1973) in the 1960s was the Health Insurance Program of New York Project (HIP) with over 60,000 women being enrolled. Subjects had either four consecutive years of screening mammography or traditional standard care (e.g., physical examination). The women who had yearly screening mammography had a 29% mortality reduction at 9 years and a 23% mortality reduction at 18 years. Screening decreased mortality, and the morbidity associated with a diagnosis of breast cancer was reduced. By 1976 screening mammography became standard practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhysics of Mammographic Imaging
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781439875469
ISBN (Print)9781439875445
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • General Engineering
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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