The pediatric musculoskeletal system differs greatly from that of an adult. Although these differences diminish with age, they present unique injury patterns and challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric orthopedic problems. The differences in physical and chemical makeup of the bone, periosteum, and the presence of growth plates result in an injury pattern and complication pattern that is unique to the pediatric skeleton. Likewise, the evaluation of the child may be complicated by other injuries and the child's lack of cooperation. The orthopedic physical examination follows the standard sequence of evaluation but requires basic knowledge of pediatric injury patterns and treatment. For this reason, the evaluation of orthopedic injuries in children requires a unique approach.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health