Pediatric Emergency Noninvasive Ventilation

Chad D. Viscusi, Garrett S. Pacheco

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has emerged as a powerful tool for the pediatric emergency management of acute respiratory failure (ARF). This therapy is safe and well tolerated and seems to frequently prevent both the need for invasive mechanical ventilation and the associated risks/complications. Although NIV can be the primary treatment of ARF resulting from multiple respiratory disease states, it must be meticulously monitored and, when unsuccessful, may aid in preoxygenation for prompt endotracheal intubation and invasive mechanical ventilation. The following article reviews the physiologic effects of NIV and its role in common respiratory diseases encountered in pediatric emergency medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-400
Number of pages14
JournalEmergency medicine clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2018


  • Acute respiratory failure
  • Children
  • Infants
  • Noninvasive ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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