Patterns of risk of depressive symptoms among HIV-positive women in the Southeastern United States

Linda Moneyham, Carolyn Murdaugh, Ken Phillips, Kirby Jackson, Abbas Tavakoli, Mary Boyd, Natalie Jackson, Medha Vyavaharkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Depressive symptoms are a common response to HIV disease, and women appear to be at particularly high risk. The authors report results from a cross-sectional analysis of data collected from 280 rural women with HIV/AIDS in the Southeastern United States aimed at identifying risk factors of depressive symptoms. Stress theory provided a framework for identification of potential risk factors. Descriptive statistics, measures of association, and regression analyses were used to systematically identify patterns of risk. The final regression model included 22 factors that accounted for 69% of the variance in depressive symptoms. The majority of variance in depressive symptoms was accounted for by only six variables: the frequency of HIV symptoms, recent experiences of sadness/hopelessness, the availability of social support, and the use of three coping strategies: living positively with HIV, isolation/withdrawal, and denial/avoidance. The results suggest a number of intervention strategies for use with rural women with HIV/AIDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-38
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2005


  • Depression
  • Rural environments
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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