Pattern characteristics of linear arrays using the constrained least squares distribution

Kathleen L. Melde, Mark L. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The constrained least squares (CLS) distribution is a method for obtaining distribution functions that yield low sidelobe patterns with specified constraints on the aperture efficiency, and are especially useful for the transmit patterns of active array antennas. The widely used Taylor distribution optimizes only pattern performance while the CLS distribution optimizes pattern performance while taking into account the constraints on both the peak element amplitude and the total effective radiated voltage (ERV) of the aperture distribution. This paper compares the pattern characteristics of linear arrays with CLS and Taylor distributions. The results help to establish guidelines on when a CLS distribution would be preferable over a Taylor distribution when a specified aperture efficiency is important.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)772-775
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2003


  • Active array antennas
  • Antenna array pattern synthesis
  • Phased array antennas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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