Patient Perspectives on Biologics for Axial Spondyloarthritis in a Cross-sectional Study in a Predominantly Female Population: Treatment Satisfaction, Wear-off Between Doses, and Use of Supplemental Medication

W. Benjamin Nowell, Kelly Gavigan, Theresa Hunter, Rebecca J. Bolce, Jeffrey R. Lisse, Carol Himelein, Suchita Dubey, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Jessica A. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: There is limited information regarding treatment experience of patients with axial spondyloarthritis/ankylosing spondylitis (axSpA/AS) receiving biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). Here we characterize patient experiences and perspectives, including satisfaction among those currently treated with bDMARD therapy for axSpA/AS. We also assess the use of supplemental medication during perceived wear-off between doses. Methods: Adult participants from the United States within the ArthritisPower registry with physician-diagnosed axSpA/AS were invited to complete electronic patient-reported outcome measures and an online survey about their perspectives of treatment. Analysis compared patient characteristics and treatment satisfaction by whether wear-off in axSpA/AS between bDMARD doses was reported. Results: Of 128 patients currently taking a DMARD, the mean age was 46.9 (10.3) years, 82.0% were female, and 93.8% were White. A total of 78 (60.9%) perceived wear-off with their current bDMARD before the next dose, 19 (14.8%) did not experience wear-off and 31 (24.2%) were unsure about wear-off. Mean (standard deviation [SD]) Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) score indicated poor disease control in all patients receiving bDMARDs (6.4 [1.8]); worse for those perceiving wear-off between doses versus those who did not perceive wear-off or were unsure (6.8 [1.6] vs. 5.9 [2.0], p = 0.011). Patients experiencing wear-off reported being ‘very satisfied’ or ‘somewhat satisfied’ with their treatment less frequently than patients without wear-off (73.1 vs. 89.5%, respectively). Of patients reporting wear-off, 82.1% (n = 64) used supplemental medications during wear-off (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [68.8%, n = 44], muscle relaxants [42.2%, n = 27], and/or opioids [37.5%, n = 24]). Conclusions: In a predominantly female sample of bDMARD-treated patients with axSpA/AS and high disease activity, the majority expressed treatment satisfaction. However, most experienced wear-off between doses and relied on supplemental medications, including opioids, to manage symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-520
Number of pages12
JournalRheumatology and Therapy
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Axial spondyloarthritis
  • Biologics
  • Efficacy
  • Satisfaction
  • Waning
  • Wear-off

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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