Patient-level meta-analysis of 999 claudicants undergoing primary femoropopliteal nitinol stent implantation

on behalf of VIVA Physicians, Inc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Condensed Abstract: The factors that impact the clinical effectiveness of bare nitinol stents in claudicants with symptomatic femoropopliteal atherosclerosis are incompletely known. The authors analyzed variables that may influence stent durability and provide a benchmark for their effectiveness. Data analyzed from six studies (999 patients) included baseline noninvasive hemodynamic tests, angiographic characteristics, ultrasound defined stent patency and target lesion revascularization through 12-months. Baseline ankle-brachial index and lesion length predicted stent patency and target lesion revascularization and when combined interacted significantly to better predict outcomes. This meta-analysis provides an important comparator against which emerging therapies that treat claudicants with femoropopliteal atherosclerosis can be assessed. Subject Code: Peripheral Artery Disease. Background: The performance of bare metal nitinol stents in patients with symptomatic femoropopliteal peripheral artery disease (PAD) is not well defined. Methods: Patient-level data from six large prospective trials sponsored by medical device manufacturers was abstracted and analyzed to identify a cohort of patients with claudication and femoropopliteal artery occlusive disease. Twelve-month binary patency and target lesion revascularization (TLR) rates were primary outcomes. Stent patency was assessed by duplex ultrasonography (DUS) and TLR was a clinically driven intervention. To characterize the effects of patient characteristics on the outcomes, meta-regression was performed via mixed effects logistic regression models with patient-level covariates. Results: About 999 patients were analyzed; the mean ABI was 0.68 ± 0.18, the mean lesion length was 84 ± 53 mm, the mean lesion stenosis was 78%, and nearly two thirds of patients had mild to severe calcification. The mean Rutherford clinical category was 2.7 ± 0.6 and ranged from 2.6 to 2.8 in all studies. The 12-month patency across all studies was 69.8% and TLR rates ranged from 9.2% to 19.7%. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that baseline ABI and baseline target lesion length predicted both primary patency and TLR. Further, these two variables interacted significantly to better predict TLR outcomes when used in combination. Conclusion: The 12-month clinical effectiveness of bare nitinol stents to treat patients with symptomatic femoropopliteal PAD is acceptable and is impacted by clinical and lesion-specific characteristics. These data provide an important and useful benchmark to compare the clinical benefit of emerging endovascular PAD therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1250-1256
Number of pages7
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017


  • femoropopliteal artery
  • intermittent claudication
  • meta-analysis
  • nitinol stents
  • percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
  • peripheral arterial disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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