Pathologic effects in brain after intracranial pressure monitoring in clinically normal dogs, using a fiberoptic monitoring system.

R. S. Bagley, R. D. Keegan, S. A. Greene, M. L. Harrington, M. P. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

During 2 separate studies, intracranial pressure (ICP) was measured in 13 healthy dogs (group A, n = 7; group B, n = 6), using a fiberoptic monitoring system implanted surgically in the right superficial cerebral cortex. Average ICP was measured for 15 minutes after a 15-minute postimplantation period of equilibration. Intracranial pressure was measured in group-A dogs at 2.0 and 1.3% end-tidal isoflurane concentrations. Mean +/- 1 SD ICP in group-A dogs at 2.0 and 1.3% end-tidal isoflurane concentrations was 11 +/- 2 and 11 +/- 3 mm of Hg, respectively. Dogs of group A were euthanatized immediately after measurements were obtained. Mean ICP +/- 1 SD in group-B dogs was 11 +/- 3 mm of Hg. After monitoring, but prior to euthanasia, group-B dogs underwent callosotomy, and were maintained for 30 days after surgery. The brain was removed from all dogs, formalin fixed, and examined grossly and microscopically for lesions associated with fiberoptic cable implantation. Variable degrees of hemorrhage and mechanical brain damage were seen focally around the catheter site in all brains from group-A dogs, especially when the cable entered through a sulcus. In 1 dog, local vacuolation was seen in the brain immediately adjacent to the tract associated with implantation of the fiberoptic catheter. In all other dogs, the additional cortex was histologically normal. Histologic lesions associated with cable implantation were not observed in group-B dogs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1475-1478
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume56
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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