Parent calcium-rich-food practices/perceptions are associated with calcium intake among parents and their early adolescent children

Marla Reicks, Dennis Degeneffe, Koel Ghosh, Christine Bruhn, L. Suzanne Goodell, Carolyn Gunther, Garry Auld, Miriam Ballejos, Carol Boushey, Mary Cluskey, Scottie Misner, Beth Olson, Siewsun Wong, Sahar Zaghloul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Objective The study aimed to (i) segment parents of early adolescents into subgroups according to their Ca-rich-food (CRF) practices and perceptions regarding early adolescent CRF intake and (ii) determine whether Ca intake of parents and early adolescents differed by subgroup. Design A cross-sectional convenience sample of 509 parents and their early adolescent children completed a questionnaire in 2006-2007 to assess parent CRF practices and perceptions and to estimate parent and child Ca intakes. Setting Self-administered questionnaires were completed in community settings or homes across nine US states. Subjects Parents self-reporting as Asian, Hispanic or non-Hispanic White with a child aged 10-13 years were recruited through youth or parent events.Results Three parent CRF practice/perception segments were identified, including 'Dedicated-Milk Providers/Drinkers' (49 %), 'Water Regulars' (30 %) and 'Sweet-Drink-Permissive Parents' (23 %). Dedicated-Milk Providers/Drinkers were somewhat older and more likely to be non-Hispanic White than other groups. Ca intakes from all food sources, milk/dairy foods and milk only, and milk intakes, were higher among early adolescent children of Dedicated-Milk Providers/Drinkers compared with early adolescents of parents in other segments. Soda pop intakes were highest for early adolescents with parents in the Water Regulars group than other groups. Dedicated-Milk Providers/Drinkers scored higher on culture/tradition, health benefits and ease of use/convenience subscales and lower on a dairy/milk intolerance subscale and were more likely to report eating family dinners daily than parents in the other groups. Conclusions Parent education programmes should address CRF practices/perceptions tailored to parent group to improve Ca intake of early adolescent children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-340
Number of pages10
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2012


  • Calcium-rich foods
  • Early adolescent children
  • Parenting practice
  • Parents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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