PAH/α-KG countertransport stimulates PAH uptake and net secretion in isolated rabbit renal tubules

V. Chatsudthipong, W. H. Dantzler

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58 Scopus citations


Possible stimulation of both basolateral uptake and net transepithelial secretion of p-aminohippurate (PAH) by PAH/α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) countertransport was examined in intact perfused and nonperfused rabbit proximal S2 renal tubules. Preloading tubules with α-KG (100 μM) for 30 min increased [14C]-PAH rate of uptake by nonperfused tubules and rate of net secretion by perfused tubules approximately three- to sixfold. During stimulation of net secretion, intracellular [14C]PAH concentration increased to about the same extent as net secretion. Presence of Li+ (2 mM) or absence of Na+ (inhibitors of Na+-dicarboxylate cotransport) in bathing medium during α-KG preloading eliminated stimulation of PAH transport. Addition of unlabeled α-KG (1 mM) to bathing medium stimulated efflux of [14C]PAH across the basolateral membrane of tubules with oil-filled lumina, further supporting the concept of PAH/α-KG countertransport. Preloading with succinate (100 μM) also stimulated rates of [14C]PAH uptake by nonperfused tubules and net secretion by perfused tubules, but stimulation was only ~1.5-fold. Moreover, preloading with methyl succinate, a slowly metabolized derivative of succinate, did not stimulate [14C]PAH uptake by nonperfused tubules or net secretion by perfused tubules. Thus it seems most likely that succinate preloading stimulates PAH transport via metabolism, possibly by conversion to α-KG, not by direct countertransport for PAH. This study indicates for the first time in intact mammalian proximal S2 renal tubules that PAH/α-KG countertransport can stimulate net PAH secretion by generating an increased intracellular PAH concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F384-F391
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Issue number3 32-3
StatePublished - 1992


  • dicarboxylate/organic anion countertransport
  • organic anion transport
  • succinate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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