Oxidation of aqueous hydrogen sulfide by peroxymonosulfate

Eric A. Betterton, Michael R. Hoffmann

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


This paper summarizes the results of an experimental investigation of the stoichiometry and kinetics of the oxidation of aqueous hydrogen sulfide by the inorganic peroxide, peroxymonosulfate (HSO5-). Peroxymonosulfate is a powerful oxidant1 (E0 = +1.82 V) that is commercially available as a free-flowing powder known by the trade name Oxone. The latter is a triple salt with the composition 2KHSO5·KHSO4·K2SO4. It is shown that peroxymonosulfate oxidizes aqueous H2S 3-4 orders of magnitude faster than H2O2 at a given pH, and therefore in applications where the rate of oxidation of H2S is of prime concern or where high concentrations of oxidant cannot be tolerated peroxymonosulfate may be an attractive alternative to H2O2. However comparison of eq 3 with eq 5, and eq 4 with eq 6 shows that the use of peroxymonsulfate inevitably results in higher sulfate yields and higher acid production. The quantity of sulfate introduced would in fact be even more than eq 4 and 6 indicate since Oxone is a triple salt that contains 1 mole of sulfate per mole of peroxymonsulfate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 1989
EventProceedings - 82nd A&WMA Annual Meeting - Anaheim, CA, USA
Duration: Jun 25 1989Jun 30 1989


OtherProceedings - 82nd A&WMA Annual Meeting
CityAnaheim, CA, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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