Overexpression of MYB in the Skin Induces Alopecia and Epidermal Hyperplasia

Yuan Hu, Zhongya Song, Jiang Chen, Carlos Caulin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Skin homeostasis is controlled by a complex interplay between tightly regulated transcription factors and signaling pathways. MYB is a transcription factor expressed in hair follicle progenitor cells and found overexpressed in adnexal skin tumors. However, the biological consequences of deregulated MYB expression in the skin remain poorly understood. To address this, we generated transgenic mice that overexpress MYB in epidermal and follicular keratinocytes. These mice exhibited a normal hair coat after birth but gradually developed alopecia, accompanied by altered follicular differentiation, disrupted hair cycle, and a marked depletion of hair follicle stem cells. Additionally, transgenic mice developed massive epidermal hyperplasia and hyperkeratosis. Global expression profiling not only confirmed that the skin of these mice exhibited transcriptomic features of alopecia and epidermal differentiation, but also revealed features of psoriasis and the inflammatory response. The latter was further confirmed by the increased T-cell infiltration found in the skin of transgenic mice. Overall, these results suggest that tight regulation of MYB expression in the skin is critical to maintain skin homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1204-1213.e5
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume140
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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