Overexpression of extracellular superoxide dismutase protects against brain injury induced by chronic hypoxia

Nahla Zaghloul, Hardik Patel, Champa Codipilly, Philippe Marambaud, Stephen Dewey, Stephen Frattini, Patricio T. Huerta, Mansoor Nasim, Edmund J. Miller, Mohamed Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is an isoform of SOD normally found both intra- and extra-cellularly and accounting for most SOD activity in blood vessels. Here we explored the role of EC-SOD in protecting against brain damage induced by chronic hypoxia. EC-SOD Transgenic mice, were exposed to hypoxia (FiO2.1%) for 10 days (H-KI) and compared to transgenic animals housed in room air (RA-KI), wild type animals exposed to hypoxia (H-WT or wild type mice housed in room air (RA-WT). Overall brain metabolism evaluated by positron emission tomography (PET) showed that H-WT mice had significantly higher uptake of 18FDG in the brain particularly the hippocampus, hypothalamus, and cerebellum. H-KI mice had comparable uptake to the RA-KI and RA-WT groups. To investigate the functional state of the hippocampus, electrophysiological techniques in ex vivo hippocampal slices were performed and showed that H-KI had normal synaptic plasticity, whereas H-WT were severely affected. Markers of oxidative stress, GFAP, IBA1, MIF, and pAMPK showed similar values in the H-KI and RA-WT groups, but were significantly increased in the H-WT group. Caspase-3 assay and histopathological studies showed significant apoptosis/cell damage in the H-WT group, but no significant difference in the H-KI group compared to the RA groups. The data suggest that EC-SOD has potential prophylactic and therapeutic roles in diseases with compromised brain oxygenation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere108168
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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