Outcomes of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer who progress on first restaging imaging

Jane E. Rogers, Jonathan D. Mizrahi, Graciela M. Nogueras Gonzalez, Rishi Surana, Rachna T. Shroff, Robert Wolff, Gauri R. Varadhachary, Milind M. Javle, Michael Overman, Kanwal Raghav, Shubham Pant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Objective responses to first-line systemic chemotherapy in metastatic pancreatic cancer patients are seen in less than one third of cases. Unfortunately, a significant amount will have disease progression (PD) on their first restaging imaging. With patients’ short life expectancy, it is crucial for clinicians to be prudent when deciding whom and when to treat. Our study aimed to evaluate outcomes of patients that progressed on their first restaging imaging on 1st line therapy. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed between 2010–2017 whose first restaging imaging demonstrated PD. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS) from metastatic diagnosis date to death. Patients who were lost to follow-up were excluded. Results: Out of 262 total patients reviewed, 98 patients (37%) were included. Sixty-five (66%) received 2nd line therapy, and 33 (34%) did not. Reasons patients did not pursue 2nd line therapy were performance status (PS) decline, organ dysfunction, or patient choice for alternative therapy. Median ages for patients who did and did not receive 2nd line therapy were 61 and 67, respectively (P<0.001). More patients had a poor PS at the time of initial diagnosis in the non-2nd line therapy group (7.5% vs. 31.0%, P=0.021). Median OS for those receiving 2nd line therapy was 9 months (95% CI: 7–11 months) compared to 4 months (95% CI: 3–5 months) for those not receiving 2nd-line therapy (P<0.001). Conclusions: Although likely biased due to better performance status and younger age, our patients who progressed rapidly on 1st line therapy showed an OS benefit if they received 2nd line therapy. These results suggest that patients maintaining a good PS after immediate progression on 1st line therapy should be offered 2nd line therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2268-2274
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • Carcinoma, pancreatic ductal
  • Pancreatic neoplasms
  • Performance status
  • Second-line therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology


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