Oscillator strengths and interstate transition energies involving 2S and 2P states of the Li atom

Saeed Nasiri, Jian Liu, Sergiy Bubin, Monika Stanke, Andrzej Kȩdziorski, Ludwik Adamowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We report high accuracy calculations of the ground and excited doublet S and P states of lithium atom. Overall, 24 states corresponding to dominant electronic configurations 1s2ns and 1s2np (n=2,…,13) are considered in the framework of the Ritz variational method. The nonrelativistic wave function of each of these states is generated in an independent calculation by expanding it in terms of a large number (K=11,000−17,000) of all-electron explicitly correlated Gaussian functions (ECG) whose nonlinear parameters are extensively optimized with a procedure that employs analytic energy gradient determined with respect to these parameters. The Hamiltonian used in the calculations explicitly depends on the mass of the nucleus. The leading relativistic and quantum electrodynamics (QED) corrections to the energy levels are subsequently computed using the perturbation-theory approach and the variational nonrelativistic wave functions as the zeroth-order functions. As these functions are generated in the finite-nuclear-mass (FNM) calculations, the energy corrections include the nuclear recoil effects. The obtained energy levels allow us to determine highly accurate interstate transition frequencies for both the naturally occurring stable lithium isotopes, 6Li and 7Li, and the lithium atom with an infinitely heavy nucleus, Li. The nonrelativistic wave functions are used to compute the transition dipole moments and the corresponding oscillator strengths. These quantities are reported for 144 S–P transitions of each isotope. The data set generated in this work is considerably more accurate and comprehensive than the data available from the previous theoretical calculations. It can be useful in guiding future spectroscopic measurements of the lithium atom.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101559
JournalAtomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • All-electron explicitly correlated gaussian function
  • Lithium atom
  • Oscillator strength
  • Relativistic corrections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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