Organic/Inorganic Molecular Beam Epitaxy: Formation of an Ordered Phthalocyanine/SnS2 Heterojunction

K. W. Nebesny, G. E. Collins, P. A. Lee, L. K. Chau, J. Danziger, E. Osburn, N. R. Armstrong

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88 Scopus citations


We report the growth of thin films of the metal dichalcogenide, SnS2, on cleaved mica surfaces, followed by the deposition of monolayers and multilayers of chloroindium phthalocyanine, InPc–Cl. Reflection high-energy electron diffraction(RHEED) was used to show that the SnS2 thin films grew with a principal axis oriented along a principal axis of the mica substrate, even at submonolayer coverages of SnS2. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS), reflection electron energy loss spectroscopies(REELS), and optical spectroscopies were used to confirm that the stoichiometry and electronic properties of these SnS2 thin films were those of 2H-SnS2. As with the deposition of InPc–Cl on melt-grown, bulk SnS2, the first monolayer of InPc–Cl on SnS2/mica gave RHEED patterns consistent with the formation of a closest packed monolayer, with the Pc’s lying flat on the surface. On the MBE-grown SnS2, InPc–Cl multilayer films were grown that gave the same RHEED patterns as seen for the monolayer deposits. These diffraction data are consistent with the buildup of each Pc monolayer in registry with the initial monolayer. Transmission optical spectra of these Pc thin films show a strong, narrow absorption spectrum, in sharp contrast to those seen for polycrystalline InPc–Cl deposits, suggesting that the Pc chromophores sit in essentially equivalent environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)829-838
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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