Optimal Turnover Rates and Performance in Public Organizations: Theoretical Expectations

Seung Ho An, Kenneth J. Meier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper advances the theory of turnover and performance in public organizations, incorporating labor market conditions and quality of labor. In doing so, we first present theories on optimal turnover rates, based on a cost-benefit theoretical framework. We then discuss how optimal turnover rates in public organizations change according to labor supply and demand. After that, we illustrate how public labor market conditions and quality of labor affect turnover-performance relationship. Throughout the paper, we propose a set of testable propositions for future scholars, which posit the turnover-performance relationships being conditioned on various organizational and environmental contextual factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-604
Number of pages23
JournalPublic Performance & Management Review
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Cost-benefit theories
  • labor market conditions
  • optimal turnover rates
  • public sector turnover
  • turnover-performance link

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Administration
  • Strategy and Management

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