Objective: The authors ascertained the optimal timing of repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after coronary artery revascularization. Summary Background Data: Cardiac events are the most common cause of death after elective repair of AAA. Preoperative coronary revascularization has significantly reduced postoperative cardiac complications after elective AAA repair. Currently, most patients undergo repair of asymptomatic AAA within 6 months after the coronary revascularization. Methods: The authors performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent repair or scheduled repair of an asymptomatic AAA within 6 months after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) between March 1988 and October 1993. Results: There was no mortality in the group of patients (n = 14) who underwent repair of AAA simultaneously or within 14 days of coronary revascularization. In contrast, there was a significantly increased mortality rate of 3 of 9 (33%) in patients scheduled to undergo repair of the AAA more than 2 weeks after coronary revascularization (p < 0.05). All nonsurvivors died between 16 and 29 days after CABG, and died as a result of ruptured AAA. Conclusion: Elective AAA repair should be undertaken simultaneously or within 2 weeks of coronary artery revascularization because of an increased risk of postoperative AAA rupture seen after this time period. In addition, simultaneous or early postoperative AAA repair does not increase the overall operative risk.
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