Optimal dsRNA Concentration for RNA Interference in Asian Citrus Psyllid

Esmaeil Saberi, Mosharrof Mondal, Jorge R. Paredes-Montero, Kiran Nawaz, Judith K. Brown, Jawwad A. Qureshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Asian citrus psyllid (ACP) is a citrus pest and insect vector of “Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus”, the causal agent of citrus greening disease. Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) biopesticides that trigger RNA interference (RNAi) offer an alternative to traditional insecticides. Standardized laboratory screening of dsRNA requires establishing the minimal effective concentration(s) that result in effective RNAi “penetrance” and trigger RNAi, resulting in one or more measurable phenotypes, herein, significant gene knockdown and the potential for mortality. In this study, knockdown was evaluated for a range of dsRNA concentrations of three ACP candidate genes, clathrin heavy chain (CHC), vacuolar ATPase subunit A (vATPase-A), and sucrose non-fermenting protein 7 (Snf7). Gene knockdown was quantified for ACP teneral adults and 3rd instar nymphs allowed a 48 h ingestion-access period (IAP) on 10, 50,100, 200, and 500 ng/µL dsRNA dissolved in 20% sucrose followed by a 5-day post-IAP on orange jasmine shoots. Significant gene knockdown (p < 0.05) in ACP third instar nymphs and adults ranged from 12–34% and 18–39%, 5 days post-IAP on dsRNA at 10–500 and 100–500 ng/µL, respectively. The threshold concentration beyond which no significant gene knockdown and adult mortality was observed post-48 h IAP and 10-day IAP, respectively, was determined as 200 ng/µL, a concentration indicative of optimal RNAi penetrance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number58
JournalInsects
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Diaphorina citri
  • RNA interference
  • dsRNA biopesticide
  • gene knockdown
  • pest control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

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