Onset of non-linear internal gravity waves in intermediate-mass stars

R. P. Ratnasingam, P. V.F. Edelmann, T. M. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Internal gravity waves (IGW) propagate in the radiation zones of all stars. During propagation, their amplitudes are affected by two main features: radiative diffusion and density stratification. We have studied the implications of these two features on waves travelling within the radiative zones of non-rotating stars with stellar parameters obtained from the one-dimensional stellar evolution code, MESA. As a simple measure of induced wave dynamics, we define a criterion to see if waves can become non-linear and if so, under what conditions. This was done to understand the role IGW may play in angular momentum transport and mixing within stellar interiors. We find that the IGW generation spectrum, convective velocities, and the strength of density stratification all play major roles in whether waves become non-linear. With increasing stellar mass, there is an increasing trend in non-linear wave energies. The trends with different metallicities and ages depend on the generation spectrum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5500-5512
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019


  • Stars: interiors
  • Stars: massive
  • Waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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