Once in a blue moon: Detection of 'bluing' during debris transits in the white dwarf WD 1145+017

N. Hallakoun, S. Xu, D. Maoz, T. R. Marsh, V. D. Ivanov, V. S. Dhillon, M. C.P. Bours, S. G. Parsons, P. Kerry, S. Sharma, K. Su, S. Rengaswamy, P. Pravec, P. Kušnirák, H. Kučáková, J. D. Armstrong, C. Arnold, N. Gerard, L. Vanzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first transiting planetesimal orbiting a white dwarf was recently detected in K2 data of WD 1145+017 and has been followed up intensively. The multiple, long and variable transits suggest the transiting objects are dust clouds, probably produced by a disintegrating asteroid. In addition, the system contains circumstellar gas, evident by broad absorption lines, mostly in the u' band, and a dust disc, indicated by an infrared excess. Here we present the first detection of a change in colour of WD 1145+017 during transits, using simultaneous multiband fastphotometry ULTRACAM measurements over the u'g'r'i' bands. The observations reveal what appears to be 'bluing' during transits; transits are deeper in the redder bands, with a u' - r' colour difference of up to ~-0.05 mag. We explore various possible explanations for the bluing, including limb darkening or peculiar dust properties. 'Spectral' photometry obtained by integrating over bandpasses in the spectroscopic data in and out of transit, compared to the photometric data, shows that the observed colour difference is most likely the result of reduced circumstellar absorption in the spectrum during transits. This indicates that the transiting objects and the gas share the same line of sight and that the gas covers the white dwarf only partially, as would be expected if the gas, the transiting debris and the dust emitting the infrared excess are part of the same general disc structure (although possibly at different radii). In addition, we present the results of a week-long monitoring campaign of the system using a global network of telescopes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3213-3224
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume469
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 11 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asteroids: general
  • Eclipses
  • Minor planets
  • Stars: individual: WD 1145+017
  • Techniques: photometric
  • White dwarfs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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