On the importance of electron-electron and electron-phonon scatterings and energy renormalizations during carrier relaxation in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides

Jörg Hader, Josefine Neuhaus, Jerome V. Moloney, Stephan W. Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anab initiobased fully microscopic many-body approach is used to study the carrier relaxation dynamics in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides. Bandstructures and wavefunctions as well as phonon energies and coupling matrix elements are calculated using density functional theory. The resulting dipole and Coulomb matrix elements are implemented in the Dirac-Bloch equations to calculate carrier-carrier and carrier-phonon scatterings throughout the whole Brillouin zone (BZ). It is shown that carrier scatterings lead to a relaxation into hot quasi-Fermi distributions on a single femtosecond timescale. Carrier cool down and inter-valley transitions are mediated by phonon scatterings on a picosecond timescale. Strong, density-dependent energy renormalizations are shown to be valley-dependent. For MoTe2, MoSe2and MoS2the change of energies with occupation is found to be about 50% stronger in the Σ and Λ side valleys than in theKandK' valleys. However, for realistic carrier densities, the materials always maintain their direct bandgap at theKpoints of the BZ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal
Volume34
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - May 12 2022

Keywords

  • Dirac Bloch equations
  • electron–electron scattering
  • electron–phonon scattering
  • energy renormalisation
  • inter-valley carrier dynamics
  • monolayer TMDC
  • non-equilibrium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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