On-line DUR messages: pharmacists' attitudes and actions in response.

E. P. Armstrong, T. J. Markson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Community pharmacists are encountering on-line drug utilization review (DUR) messages with increasing frequency. DUR messages are sent by third party claims processors and generated by pharmacies' in-house computer systems. The purpose of this study was to ascertain community pharmacists' attitudes toward on-line DUR messages and the actions most often taken by pharmacists after receiving these messages. A 28-item questionnaire was mailed to a random sample of 1,500 community pharmacies throughout the United States. Four hundred twenty-seven questionnaires were returned and analyzed (a 28.5% response rate). The majority of respondents were male pharmacists practicing in independent community pharmacies in cities with populations of less than 50,000. The low response rate from chain pharmacies was an important limitation of this study. The results indicate that pharmacists find DUR messages related to medication overuse and drug interactions to be the most useful. Interventions are not performed for all DUR messages received, and interventions usually consist of telephoning physicians and talking to patients. This study demonstrates that many types of DUR messages are useful to pharmacists; however, additional research and further refinement of DUR messages appear necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-320
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (Washington,D.C. : 1996)
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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