Ocular Ultrasound: Review of Bioeffects and Safety, Including Fetal and Point-of-Care Perspective

Jacques S. Abramowicz, Srikar Adhikari, Eitan Dickman, Judy A. Estroff, Gerald R. Harris, Jason Nomura, Ronald H. Silverman, Lindsay A. Taylor, Richard G. Barr

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Ocular ultrasound is an invaluable tool for the evaluation of the eye and orbit. However, the eye and orbit are potentially sensitive to the thermal and mechanical effects of ultrasound. When performing B-mode imaging, dedicated ocular settings should be used. If these settings are not available, limiting the acoustic output to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommended maximum levels is strongly advised. Especially important is the acoustic output in spectral (pulsed) and color Doppler modes, which can exceed the FDA's maximum recommended levels for the eye. Adjusting settings to decrease acoustic output and limiting the time of the examination should be done when performing a Doppler examination. The acoustic output of shear wave elastography is significantly higher than FDA guidelines for the eye and should be considered experimental.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1609-1622
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • bioeffects
  • ophthalmic ultrasound
  • point of care
  • safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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