Obstacles to the Development of Integrated Land-Use Planning in Developing Countries: The Case of Paraguay

Sonia Delphin, Katherine A. Snyder, Sophia Tanner, Karim Musálem, Stuart E. Marsh, José R. Soto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Land-use planning identifies the best land-use options by considering environmental, economic, and social factors. Different theoretical land-use plan models can be found in the literature; however, few studies focus on its practical application and particular challenges in different contexts, especially in the Global South. We use expert surveys to explore the feasibility and relevance of integrated land-use planning and data acquisition in developing countries using Paraguay as an example. We identify the challenges of developing land-use plans and strategies to navigate these barriers to speed up its implementation. The results show that it might be difficult to develop an integrated land-use plan in the context of developing countries, mainly due to data availability, lack of political will, lack of stakeholder engagement, and insufficient financial and human resources. We also highlight examples of creative ways in which previous land-use planning projects and studies navigated these challenges, including stakeholder consultations, use of simpler models that required less data, prioritization of data collection, and engagement of decision makers throughout the process. We provide crucial information to improve land-use planning processes in Paraguay and across the Global South in areas with similar contexts and challenges that aim to develop in a more sustainable way.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1339
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • Paraguay
  • developing countries
  • land-use planning
  • obstacles
  • sustainable development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation


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