A coupled model of RAMS3b (Regional Atmospheric Modeling System, Version 3b) and LSPM (a land surface process model), in which some basic hydrological processes such as precipitation, evapotranspiration, surface runoff, infiltration and bottom drainage are included, has been established. With the coupled model, we have simulated the response of soil to the severe weather process which caused the disastrous flood in north Italy during 4-7, November, 1994, simultaneously compared with the observation and the original RAMS3b, which has a soil and vegetation parameterization scheme (hereafter, SVP) emphasizing on the surface energy fluxes, while some hydrological processes in the soil are not described clearly. The results show that the differences between coupling LSPM and SVP exist mainly in the response of soil to the precipitation. The soil in the SVP never saturates under the strong input of precipitation, while the newly coupled model seems better, the soil has been saturated for one day or more and causes strong surface runoff, which constitutes the flood. Further sensitivity experiments show that the surface hydrological processes are very sensitive to the initial soil moisture and soil type when we compared the results with a relatively dry case and sandy soil. The coupled model has potentiality for simulation on the interaction between regional climate and land surface hydrological processes, and the regional water resources research concerning desertification, drought and flood.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Acta Meteorologica Sinica|
|State||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ocean Engineering
- Atmospheric Science