Numerical Investigation of Transition in a Flared Cone Boundary Layer at Mach 6

Hermann F. Fasel, Jayahar Sivasubramanian, Andreas Laible

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Laminar-turbulent transition is investigated for a flared cone at Mach 6 using spatial Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS). The flow parameters used in the simulations discussed here closely match the laboratory conditions of the hypersonic transition ex- periments conducted at Purdue University. The objective of the present research is to make a contribution towards understanding of the nonlinear stages of transition in hypersonic boundary layers on a flared cone. Towards this end, the role of second-mode fundamental (K-type) and oblique breakdown is investigated using controlled transition simulations. For fundamental resonance, the parameter space was first explored by performing several low-resolution simulations in order to identify the cases that result in the strongest nonlinear interactions. Subsequently, a set of highly resolved fundamental and oblique breakdown simulations have been performed and the results are presented in this paper. Both fundamental and oblique breakdown lead to strong nonlinear interactions and were thus found to be viable candidates of nonlinear mechanisms that can lead to a fully turbulent boundary layer. The nonlinear interactions observed during these breakdown processes are discussed in detail. A detailed description of the flow structures that arise due to these nonlinear interactions is provided and the development of the skin friction and heat transfer during the breakdown is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-35
Number of pages10
JournalProcedia IUTAM
StatePublished - 2015
Event8th IUTAM-ABCM Symposium on Laminar Turbulent Transition, LTT 2014 - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Duration: Sep 8 2014Sep 12 2014


  • Boundary layer stability
  • Compressible boundary layer
  • High-speed flow
  • Hypersonic flow
  • Transition to Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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