Numerical investigation of low-pressure turbine blade separation control

A. Gross, H. F. Fasel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Laminar separation on the suction side of low-pressure turbine (LPT) blades at low operating Reynolds numbers can degrade overall engine efficiency and impose limitations on the flight envelope. In wind-tunnel experiments it was shown that laminar separation can be controlled by pulsed vortex generator jets. This active-flow-control technology could be transferred to real flight hardware with more confidence if the physical mechanisms involved in the control were better understood. Here, calculations of a linear LPT cascade at a Reynolds number based on axial chord of 2.5 × 104 are presented and compared to experimental data. Good agreement was observed between numerical and experimental results, except in the separated region near the trailing edge. In two-dimensional calculations separation was controlled by pulsed blowing through a slot upstream of the flow separation location. The blade pitch was then increased by 25% to obtain a larger region of separated flow. Again, using pulsed blowing through a slot, the separation could be controlled, and an increase of 19% in the time-averaged ratio of lift and drag was achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2514-2525
Number of pages12
JournalAIAA journal
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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