Number and Type of Complications Associated With Failure to Rescue in Trauma Patients

Adam Roussas, Aaron Masjedi, Kamil Hanna, Muhammad Zeeshan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Lynn Gries, Andrew Tang, Bellal Joseph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Failure to rescue (FTR) is becoming a ubiquitous metric of quality care. The aim of our study is to determine the type and number of complications associated with FTR after trauma. Methods: We reviewed the Trauma Quality Improvement Program including patients who developed complications after admission. Patients were divided as the following: “FTR” if the patient died or “rescued” if the patient did not die. Logistic regression was used to ascertain the effect of the type and number of complications on FTR. Results: A total of 25,754 patients were included with 972 identified as FTR. Logistic regression identified sepsis (odds ratio [OR] = 6.61 [4.72-9.27]), pneumonia (OR = 2.79 [2.15-3.64]), acute respiratory distress syndrome (OR = 4.6 [3.17-6.69]), and cardiovascular complications (OR = 24.22 [19.39-30.26]) as predictors of FTR. The odds ratio of FTR increased by 8.8 for every single increase in the number of complications. Conclusions: Specific types of complications increase the odds of FTR. The overall complication burden will also increase the odds of FTR linearly. Level of Evidence: Level III Prognostic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • FTR
  • Failure to rescue
  • Quality
  • TQIP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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