Nonstandard, not substandard: The relationship among work arrangements, work attitudes, and job performance

Joseph P. Broschak, Alison Davis-Blake, Emily S. Block

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


The authors investigate how nonstandard work arrangements shape work attitudes and behaviors. They find that attitudes and behaviors vary across different types of nonstandard work arrangements. As expected, retention part-time workers have more positive and agency temporary workers more negative attitudes toward their work arrangements than do standard workers. But contrary to conventional wisdom about temporary work arrangements, agency temporary workers who have opportunities to transition to standard employment arrangements have more positive attitudes toward supervisors and coworkers and are better performers than their peers in standard work arrangements. Part-time arrangements designed to retain valued workers do not produce increased commitment or other attitudinal benefits consistent with retention. The authors discuss the implications of the findings for the study of nonstandard work and the management of nonstandard workers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-43
Number of pages41
JournalWork and Occupations
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2008


  • Employment relations
  • Flexibility
  • Job performance
  • Nonstandard work arrangements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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