Nonlinear resonances in a laminar wall jet: Ejection of dipolar vortices

Stefan Wernz, Hermann F. Fasel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Nonlinear mechanisms leading to the ejection of dipolar vortices from a laminar wall jet are being investigated using highly accurate Navier-Stokes simulations. With a set of well-defined numerical experiments for a forced Glauert wall jet, the nonlinear resonant interaction between the large-amplitude harmonic disturbance and a small-amplitude wave packet is systematically explored using two-dimensional simulations. Generated by a small-amplitude pulse, the wave packet experiences rapid resonant growth in the subharmonic part of its spectrum resulting in vortex mergings and, ultimately, the ejection of a pair of counter-rotating vortices from the wall jet. This two-dimensional subharmonic instability, if not mitigated by competing three-dimensional instabilities, can lead to the detachment of the entire wall jet from the surface. As shown using three-dimensional direct numerical simulations, vortex ejection still occurs in a forced transitional wall jet if the two-dimensional wave packet can reach a large amplitude level upstream of the region of three-dimensional turbulent breakdown. Movies are available with the online version of the paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-308
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - Oct 10 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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